From: CS Lewis' The Chronicles of Narnia
Location: Narnia exists in another world, connected to our Earth through various magical instruments, like a wardrobe, rings, and a painting. Naria's timeline runs faster than Earth's own. Narnia refers to both the other world as a whole and the country of Narnia.
Geographical Features: Narnia, as a world, is flat. The majority of the central landmass is taken up by the kingdoms of Narnia, Calormen, Telmar, and Archenland, as well as the lands of the giants to the north. There are also large systems of islands, especially in the Eastern Ocean, which leads to the mythical paradise of Aslan's Country or the True Narnia. Underneath Narnia lies the Underland, an expansive series of caverns.
Populace: Nearly everything within Narnia is alive: the stars, the sun, gemstones, and even a growing streetlamp (pictured at left with Lucy Pevensie). Narnia is populated by talking animals and mystical creatures of all sorts, and frequently receives visits from humans, called by Narnians Sons of Adam and Daughters of Eve.
Known Former Rulers: King Tirian; King Erlian; King Rilian; Prince Caspian and Ramandu's Daughter; King Miraz; Peter Pevensie, Susan Pevensie, Edmund Pevensie, and Lucy Pevensie; White Witch; King Frank and Queen Helen
Other Notable Residents: Aravis Tarkheena, Mr. Beaver, Mrs. Beaver, Breehy-hinny-brinny-hoohy-hah, Father Christmas, Cloudbirth, Cor, Coriakin, Lord Drinian, Emeth Tarkaan, Fledge, Glenstorm, Glimfeather, Lady of the Green Kirtle, Hwin, Jewel the Unicorn, Maugrim, Nikabrik, Puddleglum, Puzzle, Rabadash, Reepicheep, Shift, Tash, Father Time, Trumpkin, Tumnus
Imporant Places: Cair Paravel is a castle in Narnia and the royal seat, where the Pevensies ruled from. Two majors battles take place at the Fords of Beruna, wherein Prince Caspian takes the throne and the White Witch is defeated. The Lantern Waste, named for the lantern that grows there, is where Lucy Pevensie enters Narnia from the wardrobe. It is also where the final battle for Narnia takes place. Aslan's Country, or the True Narnia, lies beyond the Eastern Ocean.
History: Narnia was created by the great lion Aslan, when several humans and a horse from Earth and Jadis, a tyrant queen from a world called Charn, entered into a void from the Wood Between the Worlds. Aslan breathes life into Narnia and sings its creatures into existence. He also gives several animals the power of speech. Aslan then chooses one of the humans, a cabbie named Frank to rule alongside his human wife, Helen, as the first king and queen of Narnia.
Jadis, angry at not being able to control this new world, runs away, until she finds an apple tree that transforms her. Already physically strong and magically gifted, Jadis is now immortal. After nearly a 1000 years, Jadis becomes the White Witch and conquers all of Narnia. Fearful of a prophecy stating that a human child would defeat her, she drives the humans from Narnia. The White Witch then encases all of Narnia in an neverending winter for the next 100 years.
The Pevensie children (Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy) enter Narnia through a mystical wardrobe, which was created from Narnian wood. With the help of the returned Aslan, who also sacrifices himself for the children and is reborn, they defeat and kill the White Witch, ending winter. They rule Narnia as Kings and Queens.
The Pevensies eventually return to Earth and are de-aged, and eventually, Narnia is conquered by their human neighbors, the Telmarines. Knowledge of Aslan is buried until Prince Caspian X learns of the true Narnian history. With the help of Lucy and Edmund, along with their cousin Eustace, Caspian takes the throne from his uncle and restores Narnia to its beauty.
Caspian then explored the Eastern Ocean, meeting his future wife Ramandu's Daughter, and returns to Narnia to rule. Ramandu's Daughter is murdered by the Lady of the Green Kirtle and the Lady kidnaps their son and heir Rilian. Rilian is eventually freed by Eustace and his friend Jill Pole, and his line continues to rule Narnia until its last days.
At the end of Narnia's existence, a talking ape named Shift convinces many Narnians of Aslan's return, by dressing up the donkey Puzzle as the great lion, allowing the conquering Calormen army to capture much of Narnia. The true Aslan returns once more, and takes with him the faithful to the True Narnia beyond the Eastern Ocean, including the majority of the human travelers to Narnia. Narnia, though, is gone.
Other Versions: Narnia has appeared in several adaptions, most notably a cartoon and movie series. Susan Pevensie's fate was the subject of a Neil Gaiman short story, and other references to Narnia have appeared in many fantasy and comic book tales.